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Conjugation of Present Spanish Verbs
(-ar, -er, -ir)

Instruction: Present Tense Conjugation

In Spanish, verb conjugation involves changing a verb form so that it aligns with the subject (the person or thing performing the action) and reflects the time frame (present, past, future, etc.). Specifically, the present tense describes actions that are currently happening, habitual actions, facts, or it is used to emphasize an action. 

Present Tense Meanings in English:
  1. Actions or Facts: “I eat dinner with my friend.”
  2. Actions currently happening: “I am eating dinner.”
  3. Emphatic statements: “I do eat vegetables!”

Each of these uses of the present tense involves a slightly different concept of time, but they all use the present tense form in Spanish. Now, let’s learn how to conjugate verbs in the present tense by starting with the verb endings -ar, -er, and -ir.

The Process of Present Tense Conjugation

Here’s how you can approach conjugating a verb in the present tense:

1. Identify the Verb Ending:

Spanish verbs typically end in -ar, -er, or -ir. This ending tells you which group the verb belongs to and dictates how it will be conjugated.

AR Verbs
Hablar
Tomar
Estudiar
ER Verbs

Comer
Leer
Correr

IR Verbs

Vivir
Escribir
Recibir

2. Find the Verb Stem by Removing the Ending

To conjugate a verb, start by removing the -ar, -er, or -ir from the infinitive (the basic form of the verb). What you are left with is called the “stem” or “root.”

AR Verbs
Habl ar
Tom ar
Estudi ar
ER Verbs
Com er
Le er
Corr er
IR Verbs
Viv ir
Escrib ir
Recib ir

3. Add the Appropriate Ending:

Once you have the stem, you add a new ending according to the subject and the verb group (-ar, -er, -ir). Each subject pronoun (I, you, he, she, we, they) has its own specific ending in Spanish.

AR Verb Endings

Yo

- o

Nosotros

- amos

(Juana, Juan)

- as

Vosotros

(informal Spain)

- áis

Él/Ella/Ud.

(Sra./Dr. García)

- a

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

- an

AR Present Tense Verbs with Endings

Yo

hablo

tomo

estudo

Nosotros

hablamos

tomamos

estudamos

(Juana, Juan)

hablas

tomas

estudas

Vosotros

(informal Spain)

habláis

tomáis

estudáis

Él/Ella/Ud.

(Sra./Dr. García)

habla

toma

estuda

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

hablan

toman

estudan

ER Verb Endings

Yo

- o

Nosotros

- emos

(Juana, Juan)

- es

Vosotros

(informal Spain)

- éis

Él/Ella/Ud.

(Sra./Dr. García)

- e

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

- en

ER Present Tense Verbs with Endings

Yo

como

leo

corro

Nosotros

comemos

leemos

corremos

(Juana, Juan)

comes

lees

corres

Vosotros

(informal Spain)

coméis

leéis

corréis

Él/Ella/Ud.

(Sra./Dr. García)

come

lee

corre

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

comen

leen

corren

IR Verb Endings

Yo

- o

Nosotros

- imos

(Juana, Juan)

- es

Vosotros

(informal Spain)

- ís

Él/Ella/Ud.

(Sra./Dr. García)

- e

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

- en

IR Present Tense Verbs with Endings

Yo

vivo

escribo

recibo

Nosotros

vivimos

escribimos

recibimos

(Juana, Juan)

vives

escribes

recibes

Vosotros

(informal Spain)

vivís

escribís

recibís

Él/Ella/Ud.

(Sra./Dr. García)

vive

escribe

recibe

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

viven

escriben

reciben

Practice Time! (1 Verb at a Time + Endings: Charts, Games, Conjugation Practice)

Interleaved Practice Time! (Multiple Verbs and Endings)

Hablar, Comer, Vivir
(Interleaved Practice)

Artifact Amigo Spanish Verb Conjugation Game

All 9 Verbs
(Interleaved Practice)

Present Tense

Spanish Present Tense Sentence Examples

1. ¿Hablas español?
Do you speak Spanish?
2. Sí, hablo español.
Yes, I speak Spanish.
3. Él come una manzana.
He eats an apple.
4. Ella vive en la ciudad.
She lives in the city.
5. Usted toma café en la mañana.
You (formal) drink coffee in the morning.
6. ¿Lees libros de fantasía?
Do you read fantasy books?
7. No, no leo libros de fantasía.
No, I don’t read fantasy books.
8. Él escribe una carta.
He writes a letter.
9. Ella estudia para el examen.
She studies for the exam.
10. Tú corres en el parque.
You run in the park.
11. ¿Recibe usted el correo todos los días?
Do you (formal) receive the mail every day?
12. Sí, recibo el correo todos los días.
Yes, I receive the mail every day.
13. Él come pizza los viernes.
He eats pizza on Fridays.
14. Ella vive cerca de la escuela.
She lives near the school.
15. Usted toma clases de español.
You (formal) take Spanish classes.
16. ¿Viven ustedes en México?
Do you all live in Mexico?
17. No, no vivimos en México.
No, we don’t live in Mexico.
18. Ellos toman jugo de naranja.
They drink orange juice.
19. Ellas leen revistas.
They (feminine) read magazines.
20. ¿Escribís cartas? (vosotros is used only in Spain)
Do you all write letters?
21. Sí, escribimos cartas.
Yes, we write letters.
22. Vosotros estudiáis en la biblioteca. (vosotros is used only in Spain)
You all study in the library.
23. ¿Corren ellas en la mañana?
Do they (feminine) run in the morning?
24. Sí, corren en la mañana.
Yes, they run in the morning.
25. Ellos reciben regalos.
They receive gifts.
26. Vosotros habláis inglés. (vosotros is used only in Spain)
You all speak English.
27. Ellos comen juntos.
They eat together.
28. Ustedes viven en una casa grande.
You all live in a big house.
29. ¿Toman ustedes agua?
Do you all drink water?
30. Sí, tomamos agua.
Yes, we drink water.
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